SHEMINI ATZERET is a strange day in the Jewish calendar. Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret: A Global Perspective. Yet, like Succot, our prayers refer to it as The Simchat Torah celebration of today is of later rabbinic and customary origin. The source for Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah, which fall on the 22nd and 23rd of the Hebrew month of Tishrei, respectively, is Leviticus 23:34. Some location data comes from GeoNames, Others eat the evening meal of Shemini Atzeret indoors but the day meal in the sukkah. Part of its duality as a holy day is that it is simultaneously considered to be both connected to Sukkot and also a separate festival in its own right.[3]. [40] Other rabbis, such as the Vilna Gaon, ruled that one should sleep in the sukkah on Shemini Atzeret outside the Land of Israel. The seven days of Sukkot that end with Hoshana Rabba are immediately followed by another holiday called Shemini Atzeret, referred to in the Torah (Numbers 29:35) simply as "the eighth day of assembly. It is a festival in its own right, but without rituals. Shemini Atzeret (שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת ‎—"Eighth [day of] Assembly"; Sephardic and Israeli pronounced shemini atzèret; Ashkenazic pronounced shmini-atsères) is a Jewish holiday.It is celebrated on the 22nd day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei in the Land of Israel, and on the 22nd and 23rd outside the Land, usually coinciding with late September or early October. [40] Sleeping in the sukkah brings a similar discussion. Ten Minutes of Torah: Sh'mini Atzeret - Simchat Torah Commentary. Outside of Israel, it is two days long, on 22-23 Tishrei. Moreover, Shemini Atzeret is a modest holiday, just to celebrate [God's] special relationship with His beloved nation. [note 3]. In the Diaspora, an additional day is celebrated, the second day being separately referred to as Simchat Torah. [25] The second came at the time of the Jews' return from the Babylonian exile. Shemini Atzeret (שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת‎—"Eighth [day of] Assembly"; Sephardic and Israeli pronounced shemini atzèret; Ashkenazic pronounced shmini-atsères) is a Jewish holiday. In Israel, many communities conduct Hakafot shniyot, or "Second hakafot", on the day after Shemini Atzeret. The Shemini Atzeret Sabbath, the day after the end of Sukk'ot, is known as "The Last Great Day" because it is the final annual Holy Day that was God-established.The next Holy Day on God's calendar is the next Passover, in the following Spring.. They believe that it helps them to prepare for the coming year. At the same time, it allows for a Simchat Torah celebration unconstrained by festival work restrictions, since the festival is over in Israel according to Jewish law.[35]. According to the Apocryphal Second Book of Maccabees, the first celebration of Hanukkah mimicked that of Sukkot, which the Maccabees and their followers had been unable to celebrate earlier that year. Because of that, and because the sukkah (and, by extension, pleasant weather) is no longer required on Shemini Atzeret, Jews begin to ask for rain starting with the Musaf amidah prayer of Shemini Atzeret. It is described as the eighth day, and thus part of Succot, but it is also designated by a name of its own, Atzeret. This last day is devoted to a recapitulation of the message of these days, with the hope that it will be retained the rest of the year". Compared to traumatic events that took place during the previous High Holiday seasons, and the horrible atrocities that would soon be unleashed, Tishrei 5670 (September-October 1909) was relatively quiet. Shemini Atzeret is observed in Orthodox communities with candle lighting in the evening, Kiddush (sanctification over wine) and two challah breads. The Torah explicitly mentions Shemini Atzeret three times, all in the context of Sukkot. Outside the Land of Israel, this is further complicated by the additional day added to all Biblical holidays except Yom Kippur. [33] The Jews of the Soviet Union, in particular, would celebrate the festival en masse in the streets of Moscow. Shemini Atzeret (שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת – "the Eighth [day] of Assembly") is a Jewish holiday of the (Northern Hemisphere) autumn.In Israel, the date of the holiday is 22 Tishrei on the Hebrew calendar. [39] However, one does not take the lulav and etrog (nor does one sleep in the sukkah according to most opinions) on the eighth day. How to Vote Before Shemini Atzeret All , Advocacy , Community / By Admin October 4, 2019 B’nai Brith Canada OTTAWA – B’nai Brith is reminding the Jewish community of its opportunities to vote ahead of Election Day, which falls on the holiday of Shemini Atzeret this year. On the Gregorian calendar, Shemini Atzeret comes in late September or early or middle October. Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are holidays on which work is not permitted. Shemini Atzeret (שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת – "the Eighth [day] of Assembly") is a Jewish holiday of the (Northern Hemisphere) autumn.In Israel, the date of the holiday is 22 Tishrei on the Hebrew calendar. I’m not sure how, or even if, we’ll honor Shemini Atzeret this year in my house. [16] According to this idea, Sukkot is a universal holiday, but Shemini Atzeret is only for the Jewish people. Shemini Atzeret (שמיני עצרת - "the Eighth [day] of Assembly") is a Jewish holiday. Two Challah breads are used to commemorate the Sabbath in the wilderness. In the Land of Israel, the celebrations of Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are combined on a single day, and the names are used interchangeably. Facebook; Twitter; email; Print; 1 shares; Flora Rosefsky. Even though Shmini Atzeret falls on Saturday, October 10, 2020, it is a working day. Shmini Atzeret (Eighth Day of Assembly) for Hebrew Year 5718 began on Wednesday, 16 October 1957 and ended on Thursday, 17 October 1957. Shemini Atzeret, which begins at sundown October 9 and ends at sundown October 10 this year, is the postscript to the seven days of Sukkot. Shemini Atzeret will occur on the following days of the secular calendar: Jewish Year 5781: sunset October 9, 2020 - nightfall October 10, 2020; If someone sees a neighbor on the street with a lulav and etrog on the eighth day, the rabbis reason, s/he might mistakenly assume that it is still the seventh day (ḥol hamoed), when the lulav and etrog are still needed. Shemini Atzeret has a dual identity. INTRODUCTION:. S/he might then violate prohibitions of the yom tov of the eighth day. [40], The Land of Israel's agriculture depends heavily on rains that come only seasonally, so Jewish prayers for rain, such as Tefillat Geshem or Tikun Geshem (Rain Prayer) are prominent during the Land of Israel's rainy (winter) half of the year. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. [26] In both cases, however, the mention is limited to the observation that an "assembly [atzeret] was held on the eighth day". While each year we return to the same verses, it is we who are different. Biblical Source . [11] The observance of Shemini Atzeret therefore differs in substantial ways from that of Sukkot. The seven days of Sukkot that end with Hoshana Rabba are immediately followed by another holiday called Shemini Atzeret, referred to in the Torah (Numbers 29:35) simply as "the eighth day of assembly. The Talmud[12] describes Shemini Atzeret with the words "a holiday in its own right" (regel bifnei atzmo). Shemini Atzeret is a holiday that G-d gave the Jewish people as a send-off of sorts. The practice of reading the last of the weekly Torah portions on Shemini Atzeret is documented in the Talmud. Because of that, the 22nd day of the 7th month does not necessarily fall on the same date as 22 Tishrei in the (conventional, Rabbinic) Jewish calendar. Two others remain relevant to modern celebration of the holiday. Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are holidays on which work is not permitted. Shortly after midnight, prayers are made in the synagogue for more than ten hours. On Shemini Atzeret, the holiday that appears to be the eighth day of Sukkot, only one bull sacrifice was brought. Throughout the year, the Jew lives with Torah. Accordingly, the "eighth day of Sukkot" outside Israel coincides with the separate holiday of Shemini Atzeret. The celebration of Simchat Torah is the most distinctive feature of the holiday, but it is a later rabbinical innovation. Shemini Atzeret literally means "the assembly of the eighth" day in Hebrew. In part, this shows solidarity with Jewish communities outside Israel, which are still celebrating Simchat Torah (on the second day of the festival). [37] When Shemini Atzeret falls on the Shabbat, the Scroll of Ecclesiastes, or Kohelet (קהלת, otherwise read in Ashkenazi synagogues on the Shabbat of Sukkot), is read on that day outside the Land of Israel. Like atzarah,[8] atzeret denotes "day of assembly", from atzar = "to hold back" or "keep in"; hence, also the name atzeret given to the seventh day of Pesaḥ. [42] The rainy season starts just after the fall Jewish holidays. When Shemini Atzeret is mentioned in the Torah (Pentateuch), it is always mentioned in the context of the seven-day festival of Sukkot, the Feast of Tabernacles, which it immediately follows. Shemini Atzeret calls upon us to spend one more day in the company of the Divine – not because God has done anything for us specifically on this day, not because we have a specific reason, but because we love His very existence. The Haftarah describes the people's blessing of King Solomon at the end of the dedication of the First Temple. Shemini Atzeret (שמיני עצרת - "the Eighth [day] of Assembly") is a Jewish holiday. Two observances of Shemini Atzeret are mentioned in the Prophets and Writings portions of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible). Samaritans, followers of an Abrahamic religion closely related to Judaism that recognizes only the first five (or six) books of the Bible as canonical, celebrate only one day of Shemini Atzeret. What: The holiday of Sukkot is followed by an independent holiday called Shemini Atzeret. Shemini Atzeret. Likewise, eating in the sukkah does not per se impinge on one's own celebration of Shemini Atzeret. Shemini Atzeret is observed in Orthodox communities with candle lighting in the evening, Kiddush (sanctification over wine) and two challah breads. The reading of the first section of Genesis immediately upon the conclusion of the last section of Deuteronomy—as well as the name "Simchat Torah"—can be found in the 14th century halachic work Arba'ah Turim. We rejoice in the very existence of the unlikely relationship that holds between our obstinate stiff-necked people and our unfathomable God. 29 October – Moshe Dwek, a 26-year-old Yemenite-Israeli mental patient throws a hand grenade in the Knesset. On October 14, 1973, more than 100,000 Jews took part in a post-Simchat Torah rally in New York city on behalf of refuseniks and Soviet Jewry. While it is part of the intermediate Sukkot days known as Chol HaMoed, Hoshana Rabbah has extra prayers and rituals and is treated and practiced much more seriously and festively than the previous days of Chol HaMoed. It is celebrated on the 22nd day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei (first month of calendar). [6], These religious celebrations conclude the process that had begun on the days of Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish new year) and Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, observed ten days after the start of Rosh Hashanah. The Jewish Encyclopedia states that during the time of the Second Temple, the festival of Shavuot received the specific name of "'Atzarta" as cited by Josephus in Antiquities of the Jews (iii. Traditionally, Jews begin praying for rain on Shemini Atzeret. By Flora Rosefsky September 18, 2020, 6:23 am 0 Edit. They are therefore muktzah; that is, one may not even move them on a holiday where they are not needed. The Talmud describes six ways in which Shemini Atzeret differs from Sukkot. Reform and Reconstructionist communities generally celebrate this and most Biblical holidays for one day, even outside Israel. Shemini Atzeret (שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת – "the Eighth [day] of Assembly") is a Jewish holiday of the (Northern Hemisphere) autumn.In Israel, the date of the holiday is 22 Tishrei on the Hebrew calendar. [note 1] It is therefore often assumed that Shemini Atzeret is simply the eighth day of Sukkot. for Hebrew Year 5718 began on Wednesday, 16 October 1957 and ended on Thursday, 17 October 1957. [41], Eating in the sukkah does not cause a parallel problem because many people simply enjoy eating outdoors in the shade of a sukkah. [31] The Simchat Torah celebration is now the most distinctive feature of this festival—so much so that in the Land of Israel, where Shemini Atzeret lasts only one day, it is more common to refer to the day as "Simchat Torah" than as "Shemini Atzeret". [48] The blessing for the Sukkah is not recited (since it is not Sukkot). As a biblically-mentioned holiday, Shemini Atzeret is also observed by Karaites and Samaritans: For Karaites, followers of a branch of Judaism that accepts the Written Law, but not the Oral Law, Shemini Atzeret is observed as a single day of rest, not associated with the practices of Simchat Torah, which are a rabbinic innovation. [30] By the 16th century CE, most of the features of the modern celebration of Simchat Torah were in place in some form. The prayer for rain, however, is very important in Israel, where winter rain nourishes the crops for the upcoming year. In the Diaspora, the celebration of Simchat Torah is deferred to the second day of the holiday. To this day, if Israel doesn't receive enough rain in the winter, special prayers are added into the daily services there. In the Diaspora, an additional day is celebrated, the second day being separately referred to as Simchat Torah. It helps them to prepare for the coming year violate prohibitions of the holiday that to... 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