California and Texas have the most electoral college votes, with 55 and 38 votes respectively. Presently, the two houses have 535 members, with 435 coming from the House of Representatives and 100 from the Senate. Florida - 29, an increase of 2 electoral votes. The number of any additional electoral votes per state is determined by the United States Census which is completed every ten years. In all, there are 538 electoral votes and the number given to each state reflects the sum of the representatives and senators it sends to Congress. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The vice president then announces the result. Ratified on March 29, 1961, it grants the District of Columbia the number of electors that does not exceed the number of votes granted to the least populous state, which is three. The state's large population is the main reason why it has such a high number of votes in the House of Representatives (53) and 2 senators in the Senate. Below is the allocation of electoral votes for the 2020 presidential election. If Biden wins Georgia, where he currently has a narrow lead, he will end up with a total of 306 electoral votes. Election results have now been certified in all 50 states and Washington, D.C., moving Joseph R. Biden Jr. one step closer to the White House. It’s interesting to see the number of US states and their relative population sizes (in terms of electoral votes) over many different presidential elections. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. Infographic: Map of US Electoral College votes by state. The Electoral College is a body of electors formed under the authority of the United States Constitution. The votes of the public determine electors, who formally choose the president through the electoral college. Your State has the same number of electors as it does Members in its Congressional delegation: one for each Member in the House of Representatives plus two Senators. Joe Biden has secured the 270 votes he needed in the 538-vote Electoral College to win the presidency. Each state has a number of electoral votes equal to the combined total of its congressional delegation, and each state le… In addition to two senators, the rest of New York's electoral representation comes from members of the Lower House. States with larger populations have more electors. Each state has a meeting for their state's electors to cast their votes. The votes are brought into the chamber in mahogany boxes. The number of electoral votes for each state is equal to the sum of its number of Senators and its number of Representatives. The table provides a list of U.S. electoral votes by state. This article was most recently revised and updated by, United States Electoral College Votes by State, https://www.britannica.com/topic/United-States-Electoral-College-Votes-by-State-1787124. The number of electoral votes for each state is equal to the sum of its number of Senators and its number of Representatives. States With Most Electoral Votes Results of the 2016 Presidential Election Under federal law, Congress must meet Jan. 6 to open sealed certificates from each state that contain a record of their electoral votes. Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate It was determined by the 2010 Census. These members are sourced from each of the 50 US states, and the number of electors from a state is determined by the number of members it has in both the House of Representatives and Senate. Therefore, every state has at least three electoral votes because even the smallest states have one representative and two senators. There are 435 representatives in total and 100 senators. Essentially, the amendment extends the rights of a state to the district. The Electoral College is not a building, but a process that counts votes in states to assign “electors” to elect a U.S. president. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. The additional two seats are from the two senators, who are both currently Republicans. So, combine that with the state's two senators, and it has 55 … California has the most electoral seats of any US state, with a total of 55, while Texas ranks second with 38 seats. Additionally, the speaker of the Lower House is from California. Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate plus a number of votes equal to the number of its Congressional districts. Majority needed to elect the president and vice president: 270. The current number of representatives is a significant decrease from the 47 votes it had between 1933 and 1953. The president-elect and vice president-elect are then sworn in on January 20. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Like California, the state's high number of representatives in the Lower House (36) is due to its large population. How many electoral votes did Trump get - and which states did he win? The additional three come from the District of Colombia, as stipulated by the Twenty-Third Amendment. Omissions? Bipartisan representatives of both chambers read the results out loud and do an official count. Florida and New York are tied for 3rd place, with 29 electoral college votes each. The Electoral College is a unique method for indirectly electing the president of the United States. Allocation among the States Electoral votes are allocated among the States based on the Census. A candidate needs a majority of 270 electoral votes to win each race. Each state’s number of Electoral College votes is its number of House of Representative members (which is determined by the state’s population) plus its number of senators (each state has … After the Census, the number of representatives is reapportioned to reflect any changes in population. In this system, known as the Electoral College, each state gets the same number of electors as it has members of Congress — one for each member in the House of Representatives and one for each of the state’s two senators. Florida and New York each have 29 seats, while Illinois and Pennsylvania are also tied, with 20 seats per state. This animation shows the number of electoral votes each state had during each of the 59 presidential elections in US history between 1788 and 2020. California is located in the country's Pacific region. The electoral votes are counted during a joint session of Congress on January 6, following the November election. Updates? The Electoral College consists of a total of 538 members, one for each U.S. senator and representative, and three additional electors representing the District of Columbia. E lectors will meet in each state … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... United States electoral college votes by state. Since 1964, there have been 538 electors. UNLIKE many countries, the presidential election is decided by the number of Electoral College votes, rather than the popular vote. Every four years on the first Tuesday following the first Monday of November, voters head to the polls to elect the president of the United States. Nicknamed the Empire State, New York has the fourth highest population in the US, estimated at 19.5 million, and an area of about 54,555 sq mi. How many electoral votes does each state have? Below is a schedule of final closing times for each state and how many electoral votes each state is allotted. Chart showing the electoral college votes by state in the United States. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Texas is the nation’s second-largest state, with an area of about 268,581 sq mi, and a large estimated population of 29 million. California and Texas … The Twenty-Third Amendment to the US Constitution allows citizens living in the District of Columbia to vote in presidential elections. Currently, that number is 535, the Congressional delegations plus three delegates from the District of Columbia. As President Donald Trump and Democratic nominee Joe Biden campaign in the closing days of the 2020 election, they are focused on a few key states, the states that have the Electoral College votes that will help them win the presidency. The Electoral College website now has an easy-to-remember address. The body is formed every four years during a national election for the purpose of electing the two highest leadership positions in the US, the president, and vice president. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. It was established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution and modified by the 12th and 23rd Amendments. As of Thursday, he leads Trump 290-217, surpassing the 270 electoral votes needed to become the 46th President of the United States. This is one reason why the Census, taken every 10 years, is vital -- it helps determine how many seats in the House each state gets. Each state gets a number of votes … State Number of Electoral Votes for Each State For President For Vice-President; Joseph R. Biden Jr., of Delaware: Donald J. Trump, of Florida: Kamala D. Harris, of California: Michael R. Pence, of Indiana: Alabama: 9-9-9. The electoral votes are deteremined based on the 2010 US Census. The state of New York is situated in the country’s northeastern region and is one of the original Thirteen Colonies. Corrections? The body is made up of 538 members, which means a candidate needs at least 270 votes to win. In addition to having the most electoral seats, it is also the most populous state, with an estimated population of 39.6 million. How many Electoral College votes are needed to win? No state can have fewer than three electors. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. In the presidential election, each state gets a certain number of electoral votes based on its number of senators and representatives. Nicknamed the Golden State, California is also the third-largest state in terms of area. The appointed “tellers” from each chamber, members of both parties, then read each certificate out loud. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Read more about the allocation of electoral votes. In all, there are 538 electoral votes and the number given to each state reflects the sum of the representatives and senators it sends to Congress. After the meeting, each state's votes are sent to Congress and the National Archives. The number of electors from each state equals the number of members in that state’s Congressional delegation – one for each House of Representatives member and one for each senator. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. In the previous presidential election, more than half of the votes from Texas went to the Republican contender. Which Countries Were First To Elect Women Leaders? The Twenty-third Amendment, adopted in 1961, provided electoral college representation for Washington, D.C. Since most states use a winner-takes-all arrangement in which the candidate with the most votes in that state receives all of the state's electoral votes, there is a clear incentive to focus almost exclusively on only a few key undecided states; in recent elections, these states have included Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Florida in 2004 and 2008, and included Colorado in 2012. There are currently 538 electors, and an absolute majority of electoral votes, 270 or more, is required to win the election. Understanding The Relationship Between Hong Kong And China. The presiding officer opens and presents the certificates of the electoral votes in alphabetical order of the states. In 2020, the total number of electoral votes is 538. How many electoral votes each state gets when electing president. There are 7 states, along with DC, that have 3 electoral votes, which is the minimum. Click on the number of electoral votes for each state to see its Certificate of Vote. How many electoral votes each state gets when electing president We'll be keeping a close eye on the states as they're called, and the number of electoral votes each one has… Which States Split Their Electoral Votes? Make sure to update your bookmarks! States select 535 of the electors, this number matches the aggregate total of their congressional delegations. The tellers then record and count the votes, and the presiding officer announces who has won the majority votes for both president and vice president. Electoral college map shows how many electoral votes each state has and which are the key swing states in 2020 election. Seven states and the District of Columbia (D.C.) have the minimum number of seats, which is three, namely Alaska, Vermont, Delaware, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana. The number of any additional electoral votes per state is determined by the United States Census which is completed every ten years. The candidate to hit the 270 electoral vote mark first - a majority of the 538 - wins the US election.Here we explain how the Electoral College system works. Here's a guide to how many votes each state gets this year to decide the presidency. Every four years on the first Tuesday following the first Monday of November, voters head to the polls to elect the president of the United States.The votes of the public determine electors, who formally choose the president through the electoral college.The number of electors a state receives is determined by the combined number of the state’s members of the U.S. House of … The number of electors a state receives is determined by the combined number of the state’s members of the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate. The race for the White House all comes down to 270 Electoral College votes. UNLIKE many countries, the presidential election is decided by the number of Electoral College votes, rather than the popular vote. We'll be keeping a close eye on the states as they're called, and the number of electoral votes each one has. It takes 270 or more Electoral College votes to win the election.The biggest states California (55), New York (29), Texas (38), Pennsylvania (20) and Florida (29) have the most impact on the result of the presidential election. This page lists the electoral votes for each of the 50 US states for the 2020 Presidential Election. By Ferdinand Bada on January 15 2020 in Politics. California, the most populous state, has 53 representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives. Electoral college map shows how many electoral votes each state has and which are the key swing states in 2020 election Total: 538. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of … What Were the Main Causes of World War II? Because each state has two senators, the key factor is each state's number of representatives - which is based on population. These results must … The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. 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