2264 0 obj<>stream By devala offering is meant the offering of food and drink as well as gifts of cloth, coins, gold, and silver often accompanied by eulogies addressed to the particular resident deity and recited by the kapurala. [17], It is also worth noting, that this ceremony of dorakada-asna has, in addition to its religious and ritualistic significance, considerable dramatic and theatrical value as well, for the whole event, from the preliminaries of the morning to the grand finale of the anusasana in the evening, contains much impersonation, mime, and dialogue. 0000021259 00000 n Two water pots on which opened coconut racemes are kept are placed on either side of the entrance. Further, the place where the Buddha attained Enlightenment is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage that should cause serene joy in the minds of the faithful (D.ii,140). Buddhist Ceremonies and Rituals of Sri Lanka, by A.G.S. Until this is done the image is not considered an adequate representation of the Buddha. When death occurs all the kammic forces that the dead person accumulated during the course of his or her lifetime become activated and set about determining the next rebirth. A title from the famous Buddhist Publications Society based in Sri Lanka. These coins (designated panduru) are washed in saffron water and separated for offering in this manner. The origins of this type of bali ritual have to be traced to the Kotte Period of the 15th and 16th centuries, when it was introduced into the island from South India by some Hindu brahmans from that region. This is called the Buddha-pattare, or the Buddha's alms-bowl. The first of these events was the arrival at Anuradhapura of a sapling of the sacred Bodhi-tree at Buddhagaya, brought to Sri Lanka by Sanghamitta. It is when they are wrongly practiced that they become impediments rather than aids to the spiritual life. Until these preliminaries are gone through, the other monks keep holding the sacred thread. Another interesting tradition says that he was the only deity who did not run away in fear at the time of Bodhisatta Siddhattha's struggle with Mara. The ritual known as hat-adiya (seven steps) in the tovil ceremony called suniyam-kapima, signifies the seven steps the Bodhisatta Siddhattha is said to have taken just after he was born. 0000023675 00000 n The main duties of the kapuralas are to look after the devalayas in their charge, to perform the prescribed rituals, and to offer in the inner shrine the offerings brought by devotees. This is the recital of the Atanatiya Sutta (of the Digha Nikaya) in order to exorcise an evil spirit that has taken possession of a person. If the spirit still refuses to leave, the patient should be taken to the monastery and the recital performed in the courtyard of the dagaba. These extracts are found collected and arranged in a particular order in the Book of Parittas, or Pirit-Pota,[14] known in Pali as Catubhanavara. A noteworthy feature in this practice is the presence of a mediator between the deity and the devotee, a priest called kapurala, or kapu-mahattaya or simply kapuva, the equivalent of the Hindu pusari. The Buddhist New Year is celebrated on different days throughout the world. The contents of the stanzas recited clearly show that the ritual is intended to bring happiness and prosperity to the persons concerned or the successful completion of the project. The benevolence of the deities is also extended to the protection of the faithful followers of the Buddha's teachings as exemplified by Sakka, the good Samaritan in many Buddhist stories. Skip your Account's links. (4) Musavada veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami. and also by women who desire children. The devil-dancers start their ceremony by first worshipping the Buddha, Dhamma, and Sangha, as in the case of the bali ceremony. Even otherwise this ceremony too is usually performed on important occasions in the same way as the pirit ceremony, associated with such events as house-warming, setting out on a long journey, a marriage, birth, or death anniversaries, and so forth. Death rites are generally the only life cycle ritual that Theravāda Buddhist monks get involved in and are therefore of great importance. Although Vishnu is originally a Hindu god, the Buddhists have taken him over as a Buddhist deity, referring to him also by the localized designation Uppalavanna. Processions commemorative of the event, referred to as Mihundu Peraheras, are held in various parts of the country. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion In their religious observances the Sri Lankan Buddhists have adopted from Indian tradition the use of the lunar calendar. 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