You don't desire to become one's son; you are already one's son. Bhagavad-gītā Introduction. This present edition can be explained in the following way. Keeping this in mind, the present study aims at comparing and contrasting the teachings of the Bhagavad-Gita and the Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius of Loyola on the process of spiritual liberation. The living entity is explained as the superior prakṛti. This was his own decision. Just like we are, in our material conditional life, we are under the material energy. There is not a drop of water, but the animal, when he is thirsty, he..., it thinks that "There is water." These are great personalities who distribute the Vedic knowledge as it is accepted by all ācāryas. And he was fighting for kingdom. Smartavyaṁ satato viṣṇuḥ [Cc Madhya 22.113]. He, just like Lord Caitanya began His propaganda from Bengal, Lord Buddha made His propaganda from Bihar. It is just like this: If we want to take a particular medicine, then we have to follow the directions written on the label. Unfortunately, in our present status, we have forgotten that eternal tie. One should always be absorbed in the thought of Viṣṇu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Come on. Prabhupāda: Now this bhagavān, you have heard, many times I have explained, bhaga. Animals can kill other living animals, and there is no question of sin on their part, but if a man kills an animal for the satisfaction of his uncontrolled taste, he must be responsible for breaking the laws of nature. Someone wants to become “sir,” someone wants to become “lord,” someone wants to become the president or a rich man or a king or something else. The capitalist serves the family, and the family serves the state in the terms of the eternal capacity of the eternal living being. The supreme conscious īśvara is similar to the living entity in this way: both the consciousness of the Lord and that of the living entity are transcendental. We conclude that there is heat and light along with the fire; without heat and light, there is no meaning to the word fire. Just like king, Mahārāja Bharata, under whose name India is called Bhārata-varṣa. In the Viṣṇu Purāṇa (6.7.61) the total energies of the Supreme Lord are delineated: The Supreme Lord has diverse and innumerable energies which are beyond our conception; however, great learned sages or liberated souls have studied these energies and have analyzed them into three parts. A very beautiful man or woman, that is also opulence. Samaḥ sarveṣu bhūteṣu. When will Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī Prabhupāda, who has established within this material world the mission to fulfill the desire of Lord Caitanya, give me shelter under his lotus feet? Then all Vedic literature is summarized in the Vedānta-sūtra, and for future guidance he gave a natural commentation on the Vedānta-sūtra, called Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam. Recently, I was in a used book store and began comparing the older versions of the Bhagavad-Gītā As It Is with the newer version. It is by His omnipotency that He presents Himself in His real form before us and displays His pastimes, which are replicas of those pastimes found in His abode. Therefore the Lord descends to reclaim all of these fallen, conditioned souls, to call them back to the sanātana eternal sky so that the sanātana living entities may regain their eternal sanātana positions in eternal association with the Lord. [O son of Kuntī [Arjuna], I am the taste of water, the light of the sun and the moon, the syllable om in the Vedic mantras; I am the sound in ether and ability in man. 8.8). The Supreme Being is sac-cid-ānanda-vigraha – that is, His form is eternal, full of knowledge and bliss. Muktir hitvānyathā-rūpaṁ svarūpeṇa vyavasthitiḥ: mukti means liberation from the contaminated consciousness of this material world and situation in pure consciousness. But somehow or other we are put into asat. Bhagavad-gītā is the A-B-C-D of spiritual knowledge. We are after designations. The purport of this is that Bhagavad-gītā is a treatise which is especially meant for the devotee of the Lord. The politician presents his manifesto for the public to convince them of his capacity for service. Human society is divided, according to work, into four divisions of social order – brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya and śūdra. So this is the gross type of existence, I mean to say, existence of ignorance. Because their mind is so much distracted from here and there, they have to concentrate the mind by practice and focus the mind on Viṣṇu. And now you, if you touch Kṛṣṇa consciousness, these harassments will be stopped. Rūpa, (Svarūpa, Sanātana)24. It is also explained that the Paramātmā, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is living in everyone’s heart as īśvara, as the controller, and that He is giving directions for the living entity to act as he desires. A devotee can be in relationship with the Lord in five different ways. "The spirit of the Bhagavad-gītā is mentioned in the Gītā itself. Bhagavad-gita is also known as Gitopanisad. He should always be remembered and never forgotten at any time. In the gross material concept of life we are under the impression that "I am this body." He has no right. This cooperation will actually help us, just as food taken by the stomach will help all other parts of the body. I have become frustrated, confused. Ānanda-mayo ’bhyāsāt (Vedānta-sūtra 1.1.12). In the Mahābhārata there is given the Bhagavad-gītā. Therefore everything is given to the stomach. It is childish not to consider the controller. I will give you instances. One is not allowed to accept one portion of Bhagavad-gītā and not another. He is mentioned on every page as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, or Bhagavān. Give us our clothes." Śakti means energy. It is the essence of the Vedic knowledge and one of the most important Upaniṣads in Vedic literature. O my dear Kṛṣṇa, You are the friend of the distressed and the source of creation. Bhagavad-gītā is also known as Gītopaniṣad. Madhva6. Undoubtedly we do not know what sort of activities we should adopt to gain relief from the actions and reactions of all these activities, but this is also explained in the Bhagavad-gītā. The English word religion is a little different from sanātana-dharma. The living being cannot be supremely conscious at any stage of his perfection, and the theory that he can be so is a misleading theory. If one adopts the principles enunciated in Bhagavad-gītā, he can make his life perfect and make a permanent solution to all the problems of life. [laughter] And not only that, that He married 16,000 wives and He was apart from them—no. This is the whole sum and substance of purified consciousness. Four, he may have the relationship of a parent. They are called jñānī, man of knowledge. He will be forced. So they are also opulent. I offer my respectful obeisances unto all the Vaiṣṇava devotees of the Lord. This mahat-tattva, this material world, just like a child, a child is born, the father gives the seed and mother develops the body. Those who reach it never return to this material world.”. Paraṁ dhāma means that He is the supreme rest or abode of everything; pavitram means that He is pure, untainted by material contamination; puruṣam means that He is the supreme enjoyer; śāśvatam, eternal; divyam, transcendental; ādi-devam, the original Supreme Personality of Godhead; ajam, the unborn; and vibhum, the greatest. If we analyze this statement of Lord Caitanya’s, we can easily see that every living being is constantly engaged in rendering service to another living being. [The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he [the soul] is even higher than the intelligence.]. 6.33). Buddha religion is also Indian religion. Similarly, Bhagavad-gītā should be taken or accepted as it is directed by the speaker Himself. The Lord suggests that we attain the spiritual world in the following manner (Bg. Similarly, the eternal function of the eternal living entity cannot be taken from the living entity. Vyāsa5. They used to..., they had to fight with the opponents. So it may be a new contribution to your country, because in every edition they have concocted some ideas about Bhagavad-gītā, but we are presenting Bhagavad-gītā as it is. Next, one may raise the question of how one goes about approaching that abode of the Supreme Lord. And although he understood fully, because in future so many rascals will come and proclaim himself that "I am also incarnation of Godhead," therefore in the Eleventh Chapter Arjuna requested Kṛṣṇa that "If you think, You can show me Your universal form," so that in future others will accept some bogus rascal as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, he may test by seeing the, I mean to say, universal form of the person. "They are all my brothers." There is discussion about Transcendental Meditation. There is īśvara, which means the controller, and there are jīvas, the living entities which are controlled. "I don't want." That is perfection of yoga. Just like children are taught A-B-C-D, or first book of knowledge. Devotee (2): [to child] You're thinking that Lord Jesus Christ had a relationship with Joseph. That is the law of the material world, whether we use as an example this body, or a piece of fruit or anything. Purified consciousness means acting in accordance with the instructions of the Lord. His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder-Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness. ', "The Bhagavad-gītā is directed to the devotee of the Lord who is directly in touch with the Lord as a friend. I shall deliver you from all sinful reaction. The mind is always flying to this and that, but one must practice concentrating the mind always on the form of the Supreme Lord, Śrī Kṛṣṇa, or on the sound of His name. For instance, a child may think that an automobile is quite wonderful to be able to run without a horse or other animal pulling it, but a sane man knows the nature of the automobile’s engineering arrangement. So in the Bhagavad-gītā the subject matter deals with the īśvara, the supreme controller, and the jīvas, the controlled living entities. Devotee: "Arjuna was a devotee in relationship with the Lord as a friend. ), we will still find the material inconveniences of birth, death, disease and old age. Dharma refers to that which is constantly existing with a particular object. We shall find, therefore, in this Bhagavad-gītā that the complete whole is comprised of the supreme controller, the controlled living entities, the cosmic manifestation, eternal time and karma, or activities, and all of these are explained in this text. Bhagavad-gītā was spoken by the Lord just to change this view, and at the end Arjuna decides to fight under the directions of the Lord when he says, kariṣye vacanaṁ tava: “I shall act according to Your word.”. That is a fact. So we have explained this Bhagavad-gītā in the paramparā system as we have heard from authoritative sources. Unless one is awakened to this position of questioning his suffering, unless he realizes that he doesn’t want suffering but rather wants to make a solution to all suffering, then one is not to be considered a perfect human being. We want to stop all this rascaldom. If a married woman is attached to another man, or if a man has an attachment for a woman other than his wife, then the attachment is to be considered very strong. Nara-Narayan: What is the proper relationship of the devotee to Rādhā, Rādhikā? There are many commentaries on the Bhagavad-gītā, and the necessity for another should be explained in the following basis. Prabhupāda: Authorities. He was the emperor of the world, but at the age of twenty-four years only he gave up everything—his young wife, young children. If a living entity says that he is not controlled but that he is free, then he is insane. This vision makes one advance in Kṛṣṇa consciousness. This is explained in Bhagavad-gītā. Then what authority he has got to write on Bhagavad-gītā? There are eight commentaries on the..., very authoritative, very large commentaries on the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam of these Vaiṣṇavas, and all of them accept Kṛṣṇa. In this way we can see that no living being is exempt from rendering service to other living beings, and therefore we can safely conclude that service is the constant companion of the living being and that the rendering of service is the eternal religion of the living being. This is also explained in the Gītā as inferior prakṛti, inferior nature. If he does so, then all the actions and reactions of his past activities can be changed. This kind of friendship is transcendental. Dhyānāvasthita manasā paśyanti yaṁ yoginaḥ [SB 12.13.1]. No. For instance, the Lord has control over the universal affairs of material nature, as will be explained in the later chapters of Bhagavad-gītā. Philosophy of The Bhagavad Gita: A Contemporary Introduction presents a complete philosophical guide and new translation of the most celebrated text of Hinduism. Nobody. In the material sky, even if we approach the highest planet (Brahmaloka), what to speak of the moon, we will find the same conditions of life, namely birth, death, disease and old age. The brāhmaṇa class or intelligent class is working in one way, the kṣatriya or administrative class is working in another way, and the mercantile class and the laborers are all tending to their specific duties. Because He lives in the heart of every living being, He is conscious of the psychic movements of the particular jīvas. So these people, the so-called yogīs, so-called karmīs... Karmīs means the ordinary worker, those who are running in the street with motorcar, this way and that way, very busy. The Lord therefore tells Arjuna that he need not give up his occupation, but while he is engaged in his occupation he should remember Kṛṣṇa (mām anusmara). So Vedic knowledge is complete because it is above all doubts and mistakes, and Bhagavad-gītā is the essence of all Vedic knowledge. That is material energy. Prakṛti is always under control, whether inferior or superior. This is fact. They are trying to put this water under certain exercise and thinking that they are elevating themselves in spirit. The Lord further adds that of this “there is no doubt.” This must be believed firmly. I offer my respectful obeisances to Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī and Śrī Kṛṣṇa along with Their associates Śrī Lalitā and Viśākhā. Simply changing the platform and trying to be happy. (Baladeva), Jagannātha29. So those who are yogīs... You have heard so much about meditation—there is very popular word in your country—and what is that meditation? No mechanical arrangement is necessary if we want interplanetary travel. Information of this is given in the Eighth Chapter. The Lord says that "You just always remain thinking of Me." But in the course of time it has become lost. The Lord further tells Arjuna that as a kṣatriya he cannot give up his fighting, but if Arjuna fights remembering Kṛṣṇa, then he will be able to remember Kṛṣṇa at the time of death. Nobody can say. It is not very high depth of spiritual knowledge. One who has studied the previous records of legal implications, he is best lawyer. So we are realizing by meditation, "I am God, you are God, my brother is God, my father is God, my these are God, everyone is God." There is complete facility for the small complete units, namely the living entities, to realize the complete, and all sorts of incompleteness are experienced due to incomplete knowledge of the complete. 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